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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2031/3550

Title: Self-concept and test anxiety of high and low academic achievers in Hong Kong secondary school
Authors: Chan, Pui Han
Department: Department of Applied Social Studies
Discipline: Social Psychology
Issue Date: 2003
Supervisor: Dr. Rudowicz Elisabeth
Subjects: Self-concept
Test anxiety
Academic achievement
Big Fish Little Pond effect
Labeling effect
Abstract: Objectives: This study explored the relationship between students’ academic achievement, self-concept, and test anxiety. Both within and between schools comparisons were made to evaluate the effect of the long and short term academic achievement on self-concept and test anxiety. In addition, the effect of gender on self-concept and test anxiety was also examined. Methods: Three hundred and twenty-three Hong Kong secondary school Form 1 students, with 214 from a higher band school and 109 from a lower band school, participated in the study. They completed the Chinese Adolescent Self-Esteem Scale (CSSES) and the Test Anxiety Inventory (TAI). Results: The findings supported the Big Fish Little Pond (BFLP) effect on the ability within, but not between schools. The BFLP effect was not only found on students’ academic self-concept sub-scales, but also on some of their non-academic self-concept sub-scales. Moreover, high band students had more emotional disturbances during examinations, whereas low achievers had greater worries about academic failure. Gender effect was found on self-concept and test anxiety. A weak negative correlation was found between self-concept and test anxiety. Discussion: The results demonstrate the importance of within school comparisons on students’ self-concept. Categorizing students into different band schools may generate a labeling effect on students’ self-concept, which may in turn affect their academic achievement.
Appears in Collections:Applied Social Studies - Postgraduate Diploma Papers - Psychology

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