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|Title: ||Self-concept and test anxiety of high and low academic achievers in Hong Kong secondary school|
|Authors: ||Chan, Pui Han|
|Department: ||Department of Applied Social Studies|
|Discipline: ||Social Psychology|
|Issue Date: ||2003|
|Supervisor: ||Dr. Rudowicz Elisabeth|
Big Fish Little Pond effect
|Abstract: ||Objectives: This study explored the relationship between students’ academic achievement, self-concept, and test anxiety. Both within and between schools comparisons were made to evaluate the effect of the long and short term academic achievement on self-concept and test anxiety. In addition, the effect of gender on self-concept and test anxiety was also examined.
Methods: Three hundred and twenty-three Hong Kong secondary school Form 1 students, with 214 from a higher band school and 109 from a lower band school, participated in the study. They completed the Chinese Adolescent Self-Esteem Scale (CSSES) and the Test Anxiety Inventory (TAI).
Results: The findings supported the Big Fish Little Pond (BFLP) effect on the ability within, but not between schools. The BFLP effect was not only found on students’ academic self-concept sub-scales, but also on some of their non-academic self-concept sub-scales. Moreover, high band students had more emotional disturbances during examinations, whereas low achievers had greater worries about academic failure. Gender effect was found on self-concept and test anxiety. A weak negative correlation was found between self-concept and test anxiety.
Discussion: The results demonstrate the importance of within school comparisons on students’ self-concept. Categorizing students into different band schools may generate a labeling effect on students’ self-concept, which may in turn affect their academic achievement.|
|Appears in Collections:||Applied Social Sciences - Postgraduate Diploma Papers - Psychology|
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