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Title: Searching news clips in large video archive
Authors: Lam, Sen
Department: Department of Computer Science
Issue Date: 2006
Supervisor: Ngo, C W. First Reader: Wang, Philips. Second Reader: Jia, Xiaohua
Abstract: For current content-based video retrieval system, it was able to be treated as an extension of Image Retrieval and Audio Retrieval System. However, the accuracy and the convenience of those technologies used for image or audio retrieval may not satisfy users well when they are applying on video retrieval system. This project investigates several important issues for story-based retrieval in large broadcast video corpus. Firstly, text-based retrieval feature is built based on the ASR transcripts of the videos with word weighting mechanism; the performance of text-based retrieval in videos clips will be evaluated. Secondly, the evaluation will extend to the content-based retrieval feature which allows searching clips with a series of images. Then, text-based and keyframe-based features are combined to see whether the precision can be improved. Finally, an implicit approach to retrieve story without clip segmentation is also introduced to exploit the inherent matching relationship between a given query and videos. It is a new idea to handle the retrieval of video clips. The technique used for keyframe-based retrieval is bipartite graph matching algorithm for Maximum Matching (MM) and Optimal Matching (OM). Experimental results shows that, the text-based retrieval perform extremely well on long story that may have a series follow up news. On the other hand, with the help of keyframe information, the precision at certain point is raised. It redeems the misleading or poor usage of keyword to get specific scenes or chapters in the long story. Besides, retrieval without clip boundary is also possible and able to give encouraging result. While having accurate clip segmentation usually requires additional semantic understanding and custom adjustment, the new approach eases the automation of clips indexing. To demonstrate the ideas, a sophisticated user-interface is built to host 5 months (over a hundred of hours) of CNN and ABC video news, with user-friendly query inputs for text and image. Specific works forced include development of user-interface, multi-media data indexing, image process and retrieval approaches.
Appears in Collections:Computer Science - Undergraduate Final Year Projects

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