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Title: An exploratory study of the effectiveness of youth employment training programme in Hong Kong : a case study of the Youth Pre-employment Training Programme
Other Titles: Xianggang qing shao nian jiu ye pei xun ji hua cheng xiao ping gu : Zhan chi ji hua
香港青少年就業培訓計劃成效評估 : 展翅計劃
Authors: Tsang, Wai King (曾惠琼)
Department: Dept. of Public and Social Administration
Degree: Master of Philosophy
Issue Date: 2005
Publisher: City University of Hong Kong
Subjects: Occupational training -- China -- Hong Kong
Youth -- Employment -- China -- Hong Kong
Notes: CityU Call Number: HD6276.H6 T75 2005
Includes bibliographical references (leaves 174-190)
Thesis (M.Phil.)--City University of Hong Kong, 2005
xii, 190 leaves ; 30 cm.
Type: Thesis
Abstract: The problem of growing youth unemployment has aroused much international concern in recent decades. However, it has become a substantial issue in Hong Kong only after the Asian Financial Crisis in 1997. Similar to the common practice of the Western countries in combating youth unemployment, the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) has launched the Youth Pre-employment Training Programme (YPTP) in 1999 to assist youths who are most affected by unemployment. This research project aims to, first, evaluate the effectiveness of the YPTP in enhancing its participants' and graduates' employability and competitiveness; and second, to find out how effective the programme has responded to the causes and addressed the consequences of youth unemployment. The Political System Model is adopted as an analytical framework in understanding the dynamics of youth unemployment. The Model consists of four main parts. The causes and consequences of youth unemployment are the inputs. Owing to the detrimental impacts of youth unemployment, there has been severe social demand for remedies. The YPTP is the output by which the government has taken to assist youths aged 15 to 19. Eight indicators are employed to determine whether the programme outputs/outcomes meet its goals/objectives. The indicators are, namely, employment status, nature of employment, wage level, duration to get employment, self-perceived competencies, the relevance of programme skills and knowledge to employment, degree of acceptance by employers, and application to place ratio, attendance rate and graduation rate. Apart from the eight indicators, it had been found that the programme arrangement and the qualification of the professionals who assisted in the programme were also important indicators in measuring the effectiveness of the YPTP. Though the programme contains a number of deficiencies, it is still worthwhile to continue the programme if some changes can be made. This is because Hong Kong lacks this kind of vocational training programme which targets at assisting the low-skilled and low-educated youths. The programme effectiveness can be enhanced by restructuring the programme arrangement. It is necessary to incorporate social partners into the programme content design and its implementation. Linking the programme with other Active Labour Market Policies (ALMPs), such as job matching services provided by the Labour Department of the HKSAR, can further help to boost the programme effectiveness.
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