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Title: 3D object model reconstruction from multiple views
Other Titles: Cong duo jiao du tu xiang chong jian li ti mo xing
Authors: Wong, Sze Sze (黃思思)
Department: Department of Computer Engineering and Information Technology
Degree: Master of Philosophy
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: City University of Hong Kong
Subjects: Image reconstruction
Image processing -- Digital techniques
Three-dimensional imaging
Notes: xii, 138 leaves : ill. (some col.) ; 30 cm.
Thesis (M.Phil.)--City University of Hong Kong, 2004
Includes bibliographical references (leaves 129-135)
CityU Call Number: TA1637.W664 2004
Type: Thesis
Abstract: This project aims to reconstruct a 3D object model from an image sequence captured by a mobile camera. Our system can be used to generate 3D model of any type of object. We are particularly interested in demonstrating the capability of the system in the reconstruction of 3D head model. An efficient method has been developed that can facilitate the reconstruction of a complex surface model. Conventional 3D reconstruction techniques, with the use of specialized equipment, are inflexible and very expensive. To reduce the cost and increase the flexibility, our system only requires consumer-type digital camera for image sequence acquisition. A new colored calibration pattern is designed to allow the object and the calibration pattern to be captured simultaneously. It can provide a higher convenience but lower cost for the set up of the system. The whole process of 3D object reconstruction consists of four major steps: camera calibration, volumetric model reconstruction, surface model reconstruction and texture mapping. Camera calibration is an important step to determine the relationship between 3D world coordinates and the corresponding 2D image coordinates. The volumetric model is reconstructed from the image sequence (multiple views) of the object by Shape-from-Silhouette/Photo-consistency. The volumetric model in the real world space is converted to surface model. Finally, a single texture map is created from the original multiple camera views of the object. The linear camera calibration method can be done in high speed and with high accuracy. The camera can be calibrated either by using the coplanar calibration pattern or the non-coplanar calibration pattern with on-line lens distortions compensation. Both radial and tangential lens distortion compensation can improve the linear camera calibration. For the 3D model reconstruction, a novel reconstruction algorithm "Shape-from- Silhouette/Photo-consistency" is implemented. This algorithm combines the voting-localizing operations of the Shape-from-Silhouette in a novel space, and the Photo-consistency constraint among neighboring views of the object. It overcomes the shortcomings of each algorithm. A 2D voxel mask in 3D space is proposed that can effectively locate the concavity of the object surface. The volumetric model is then converted to the surface model by the marching cubes algorithm. To give the object model a realistic appearance, two texture mapping methods are developed. One is a view-independent method and the other is a view-dependent method. The view-independent method is to combine the individual photographs together. The view-dependent texture mapping is to combine and blend different input photographs to form a single texture. The results of camera calibration and volumetric modeling are shown. Some reconstructed 3D photorealistic models are presented to demonstrate the performance of the system.
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