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|Title: ||Psychological consequences of unemployment among Hong Kong university graduates: The impact of optimism, coping and motivations|
|Authors: ||Lee, Kit Wa (李潔華)|
|Department: ||Department of Applied Social Studies|
|Issue Date: ||2008|
|Course: ||SS4708 Research Project in Psychology|
|Programme: ||BSocSc (Hons) in Psychology|
|Instructor: ||Dr. Julian C. L. Lai|
|Subjects: ||College graduates -- Employment -- China -- Hong Kong -- Psychological aspects|
Unemployment -- China -- Hong Kong -- Psychological aspects
|Abstract: ||Objective. The present study aimed at examining the relations between optimism,
coping strategies, job search behavior, motivations, and psychological consequences
of unemployment among Hong Kong university graduates. It was hypothesized that (1)
optimistic graduates would have less stress, (2) optimistic graduates would use more
adaptive strategies to cope with unemployment, (3) graduates with higher levels of
coping would have lesser stress, (4) graduates with high employment commitment
and financial hardship would have higher stress, and (5) higher job search intensity
and coping would predict higher chances of being employed.
Method. One hundred and twenty Hong Kong university graduates completed a
battery of questionnaires that assessed their psychological health, coping strategy, job
search behavior, optimism, employment commitment and financial hardship.
Psychological health was assessed by the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12).
Coping strategy was assessed by the Proactive Search (PS) subscale of Coping with
Job Loss Scale (CWJLS). Job search behavior was assessed by an adaptation of job
search intensity (JSI). Optimism was assessed by the revised version of the Life
Orientation Test (CLOT-R). Motivation variables were operationalized and assessed
by employment commitment and financial hardship.
Results. Results indicated that higher optimistic level was associated with better
mental health while the use of coping strategies was positively associated with
optimism. Results of multiple regression analysis indicated that proactive job search,
employment commitment and financial hardship are strong independent predictors of
psychological health. Results of logistic regression analysis indicated that males had a
higher chance of being employed than females.
Discussion. Consistent with findings from prior Western studies, present findings
suggest that optimism benefits one’s psychological health. However, there are also a
number of discrepancies between present and previous findings, which may be
indicative of cultural differences. Therefore, to have a better understanding of the
mental health among the unemployed in Chinese populations, further studies are
|Appears in Collections:||OAPS - Dept. of Applied Social Sciences|
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