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|Title: ||Prevention for depressive symptoms among adolescents in Hong Kong: A study of enhancing subjective well-being|
|Authors: ||Tam, Barry Ka Hang (譚嘉恒)|
|Department: ||Department of Applied Social Studies|
|Issue Date: ||2008|
|Course: ||SS5790 Psychology Research Paper|
|Programme: ||PGD in Psychology|
|Instructor: ||Dr. John W. L. Tse|
|Subjects: ||Depression in adolescence -- China -- Hong Kong -- Prevention|
Teenagers -- Mental health -- China -- Hong Kong
|Abstract: ||Objectives. The aim of this paper is to explore the insufficiently studied problem of
the effectiveness of a depression prevention program with positive psychology
components. Specifically, the project aims to (1) design a prevention program with
positive psychology concepts, (2) implement the program in a sample of adolescents,
and (3) assess the effectiveness of the program.
Methods. Forty-one third-formers (23 males, 18 females) were recruited in the
intervention group, and forty-two (22 males, 20 females) were assigned to the control
group. The intervention group received the Positive Program, while the control group
did not. Assessments were conducted at three points—pre-intervention, postintervention,
and one-month follow-up. Panel professionals supervised the facilitator
to maintain intervention integrity.
Results. Among all variables, the strongest relationship was found between
hopefulness and life satisfaction. Self-esteem was found to have the strongest
correlation with depression, while social desirability only correlated with self-esteem
and hopefulness. Only the intervention group reported significant attenuation in social
desirability during post-intervention. Self-esteem was found to be the only significant
predictor of depressive symptoms. Social desirability was not associated with
depression in this study. Hope was a significant predictor for both happiness and life
satisfaction. Happiness was also found to be a mediator to the link between
hopefulness and life satisfaction.
Discussion. Measuring happiness and life satisfaction might help measure the effect
of the Positive Program on students with minimal symptoms. Establishing hope
among adolescents might help enhance their happiness and life satisfaction as a buffer
against depression. Although social desirability failed to support its effect in a prevention program, it should be noted that the current scale could be more reliable.
Further studies could provide more information in considering the reduction of social
desirability as a protective factor in depression prevention.|
|Appears in Collections:||OAPS - Dept. of Applied Social Studies|
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