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|Title: ||Changes, challenges and prospect of the letters and visits system in China : a good governance perspective|
|Other Titles: ||Shan zhi shi ye xia Zhongguo xin fang zhi du de bian qian, tiao zhan yu zhan wang|
|Authors: ||Fong, Kat Cheung (房吉祥)|
|Department: ||Department of Public and Social Administration|
|Degree: ||Master of Philosophy|
|Issue Date: ||2008|
|Publisher: ||City University of Hong Kong|
|Subjects: ||Petition, Right of -- China.|
Government communication systems -- China.
Complaints (Administrative procedure) -- China.
Corporate governance -- China.
|Notes: ||CityU Call Number: KNQ2485 .F66 2008|
viii, 232 leaves : ill. 30 cm.
Thesis (M.Phil.)--City University of Hong Kong, 2008.
Includes bibliographical references (leaves 201-215)
|Abstract: ||Since the introduction of market reform in the late 1970s, China has evolved
a trajectory featured by emphasizing economic development with slow
political changes. Despite a strong economic growth, socio-economic
restructuring has nevertheless brought considerable social dislocation and
popular discontent. Together with an increase of right-consciousness and
alteration of political and social discourse, Chinese people are having higher
demand in social and political participation. Given the changing environment,
scholars have long wanted to determine whether the incremental reform
strategy would continue to be sustainable. In this research, I address the
same concern by exploring the Letters and Visits System (xinfang zidu) from
the good governance perspective.
The Letters and Visits System originates from the CCP’s practice of soliciting
social inputs since the early revolutionary era. As a reflection of the
incremental reform strategy, the system has been adopted by the
Communist Government as a stopgap device in accommodating the
increasing social inputs while avoiding drastic political changes. Through
analyzing the role of the Letters and Visits System in contributing to
enhancement of governance of Chinese government under the
socio-economic transformation, I seek to determine whether the incremental
approach to political reform adopted by the CCP is adequate.
With reference to the institutional layouts and historical development, I
summarize that the Letter and Visits System resembles a “contacting
institution” which functions as a mechanism for the Chinese government to
collect societal information and monitor the administration, as well as a
sanctioned means for Chinese citizens to participation in the administration and
seek redress of grievances. By performing these functions, the Letter and
Visits System enhances state-society engagement, which is the common
ground to the achievement of good governance regardless the difference
among various conceptual strands. Hence, in theory, effective citizen
contacting endorses good governance by enhancing the government’s responsiveness to societal inputs and citizens’ demands. In practice, by
allowing citizens to air their grievances and lodge direct complaints to the
officials, the Letters and Visits System provides an institutionalized channel,
which will be otherwise restrained, for Chinese people to influence the
However, through reviewing the dynamics and the changing patterns of
citizens’ inputs to the Letters and Visits System since the mid-1990s, I
conclude that the system fails to secure meaningful responses from the
government. It tends to intensify the grievances and discontent once it is
overloaded, resulting in erosion of state legitimacy. It follows that the
incremental reform strategy is failing and Chinese government should
impose a more general political reform in order to accommodate the
increasing citizens’ demands.|
|Online Catalog Link: ||http://lib.cityu.edu.hk/record=b2268731|
|Appears in Collections:||SA - Master of Philosophy |
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