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Title: Local development, environment and tourism
Other Titles: Di fang fa zhan shui ping, huan jing zhuang kuang yu lü you ye
地方發展水平, 环境状况與旅游業
Authors: Zhao, Sheng (趙晟)
Department: Department of Economics and Finance
Degree: Master of Philosophy
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: City University of Hong Kong
Subjects: Tourism.
Community development.
Environmental economics.
Notes: CityU Call Number: G155.A1 Z455 2010
82 leaves : ill. 30 cm.
Thesis (M.Phil.)--City University of Hong Kong, 2010.
Includes bibliographical references (leaves 54-60)
Type: thesis
Abstract: Development of the tourism industry shows an inverted U-shape pattern in that as regional growth continues, the tourism receipt to GDP ratio (TGR) first increases and then decreases. This phenomenon is explained by cross-sectional and time series data. Comparing this pattern with the N-shaped environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) shows an inverse relationship between TGR and EKC for developing and developed countries in recent decades. This thesis is the first to uncover this inverse relationship and provides a theoretical explanation: development level determines pollution source in the host economy; because changes in TGR alters the industry structure, pollution emission increases or decreases depending on whether the tourism sector is polluting or nonpolluting. Furthermore, by incorporating government manipulation into TGR, we carry out a welfare analysis using different scenarios in terms of pollution regulation, and offer strategies for tourism development under each scenario. Optimal TGR exists under certain conditions and interestingly has an opposite response to the improvement of the environmental awareness of residents in developing and developed countries. Keywords: TGR, EKC, Tourism, Development, Environment, Public Strategy
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Appears in Collections:EF - Master of Philosophy

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