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|Title: ||Coorientation between Hong Kong and mainland journalists on the integration of Hong Kong and mainland China|
|Other Titles: ||Xianggang yu nei di xin wen ye zhe jiu liang di rong he de xiang hu ren zhi bi jiao|
|Authors: ||Yan, Yan (嚴妍)|
|Department: ||Department of Media and Communication|
|Degree: ||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Issue Date: ||2009|
|Publisher: ||City University of Hong Kong|
|Subjects: ||Journalists -- China -- Hong Kong -- Attitudes.|
Journalists -- China -- Attitudes.
|Notes: ||CityU Call Number: PN5369.H62 Y34 2009|
xi, 260 leaves 30 cm.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--City University of Hong Kong, 2009.
Includes bibliographical references (leaves 228-248)
|Abstract: ||Hong Kong and Mainland China have undergone a difficult and painful process
of integration since the British colony's handover to China under an unprecedented
structure of "one country, two systems." Decades of separation has embedded in
people in both societies different perceptions and orientations of each other, which
have played a salient role in the integration process. Given the stringently controlled
intra-country border, Hong Kong and Mainland Chinese journalists who are
responsible for constructing realities of both societies on a daily basis stand out as key
players in "coorientation.
This study examined the perceptions and mutual perceptions of Hong Kong and
Mainland journalists on four issues that are central to the integration of the two
societies: the national identity of Hong Kong people, the political governance of Hong
Kong, the Hong Kong-Mainland economic integration, and the perception of each
other's general images. Based on the coorientation theory and previous
coorientational studies, this study attempted to examine the coorientation patterns of
two parallel groups of journalists from two interrelated but distinct societies.
A questionnaire survey was conducted on a total of 323 journalists in Beijing
(221) and Hong Kong (102). Questions were designed to examine the respective
perception and estimated perception of the two groups on the same issues using the
measurements of agreement (between perceptions of the two groups), congruency
(between one group's perception and estimated perception) and accuracy (between
one group's perception and the other group's estimated perception). The study found
that the two groups of journalists demonstrated disagreement, incongruence and
inaccuracy on most issues.
On the cultural dimension of Hong Kong people's national identity, the result
showed that the Hong Kong journalists held a strong "Hong Kong" identity. Although
they identified with the cultural aspect of the national identity, they did not hold such
an identity as strongly as their Mainland counterparts, and they also underestimated
the Mainland side's strong affiliation. By contrast, the Mainland journalists accurately estimated the Hong Kong side's weaker agreement and reservations on this issue. On
the political dimension of Hong Kong people's national identity, the two groups had
fundamental disagreement with each other and estimated the other group to hold
different perceptions from their own.
On Hong Kong's political governance and specifically on the democratic prospect
of Hong Kong under China's sovereignty, the two groups took opposite stands, with
the Mainland side being optimistic whereas the Hong Kong side pessimistic. They
estimated the other group to hold a different perception. The Mainland side
underestimated Hong Kong's pessimism while the Hong Kong side expected little
from the Mainland side on its support for this issue.
On Hong Kong-Mainland economic integration, the two groups demonstrated a
pattern of dissensus coorientation state in that they had an accurate knowledge of the
other side's perception but didn't agree with each other.
On perception of each other's general images, the Mainland journalists
overestimated the Hong Kong side's agreement to the positive descriptions of
Mainlanders" whereas the Hong Kong journalists underestimated the Mainland's
positive impression of the Hong Kong people.
This study contributes to the literature of coorientation by applying the theory to a
broader cross-cultural context and adding new patterns to coorientation state systems.
The conceptual framework it has tested can be applied to the general public at large
and other social contexts.|
|Online Catalog Link: ||http://lib.cityu.edu.hk/record=b3947611|
|Appears in Collections:||COM – Doctor of Philosophy |
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