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Title: Negotiate power and performance in the reality of RFID systems
Other Titles: Yu shi ji de she pin shi bie biao qian xi tong zhong ping heng gong hao yu xing neng de guan xi
Authors: Xu, Xunteng (許迅騰)
Department: Department of Computer Science
Degree: Master of Philosophy
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: City University of Hong Kong
Subjects: Radio frequency identification systems -- Energy conservation.
Notes: CityU Call Number: TK6570.I34 X8 2010
ix, 51 leaves : ill. 30 cm.
Thesis (M.Phil.)--City University of Hong Kong, 2010.
Includes bibliographical references (leaves 48-51)
Type: thesis
Abstract: Recent years have witnessed the wide adoption of the radio-frequency identification (RFID) technology in many important application domains including logistics, inventory, retailing, public transportation, and security. Though RFID tags (transponders) can be passive, the high power consumption of RFID readers (interrogators) has become a critical issue as handheld and mobile readers are increasingly available in pervasive computing environments. Moreover, high transmission power aggravates interference, complicating the deployment and operation of RFID systems. In this thesis, we present an energy-effcient RFID inventory algorithm called Automatic Power Stepping (APS). The design of APS is based on extensive empirical study on passive tags, and takes into consideration several important details such as tag response states and variable slot lengths. APS dynamically estimates the number of tags to be read, incrementally adjusts power level to use suffcient but not excessive power for communication, and consequently reduces both the energy consumption for reading a set of tags and the possibility of collisions. We design APS to be compatible with the current Class-1 Generation-2 RFID standards and hence a reader running APS can interact with existing commercial tags without modification. We have implemented APS both on the NI RFID testing platform and in a high-fidelity simulator. The evaluation shows that APS can save more than 60% energy used by RFID readers, while maintaining the satisfying performance.
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