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|Title: ||A phonetic study of the vowel system in Suzhou Chinese|
|Other Titles: ||Suzhou hua yuan yin xi tong yu yin xue yan jiu|
|Authors: ||Ling, Feng (凌鋒)|
|Department: ||Department of Chinese, Translation and Linguistics|
|Degree: ||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Issue Date: ||2009|
|Publisher: ||City University of Hong Kong|
|Subjects: ||Wu dialects -- China -- Suzhou Shi (Jiangsu Sheng)|
Chinese language -- Vowels.
|Notes: ||CityU Call Number: PL1940.S8 L56 2009|
xvii, 284 leaves : ill. 30 cm.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--City University of Hong Kong, 2009.
Includes bibliographical references (leaves -194)
|Abstract: ||The focus of this dissertation is the articulatory characteristics, acoustic characteristics
and articulatory-acoustic relationship of the vowels in Suzhou Chinese. The
investigation includes auditory and aerodynamic recording. In the articulatory section,
the palatogram, linguagram and articulograph (EMA) are used.
All monophthongs and diphthongs in Suzhou Chinese are investigated to show their
formant patterns, temporal structures, lingual gestures and nasality if necessary. New
vowel types so-called "fricative vowels", which have not been well studied by
phoneticians, are found in Suzhou Chinese. The acoustic data show that fricative
vowels have lower F2 than other plain vowel counterparts. Compared with the
articulatory data, it is found that the lower F2 cannot be explained by the retraction of
constriction as a general relationship between vowel backness and F2 height. Instead,
advancing of constriction results in the lowering of F2. Results prove to be compatible
with the theory of vowel production, and can also clarify the formant pattern of apical
vowels, which have not been well examined in previous study.
To provide an objective criterion for distinguishing monophthongs and diphthongs, a
new method is developed in this dissertation to quantify vowel distance. Using this
method, the two types of vowels are successfully distinguished. It is also found that
two vowels transcribed as [iɪ] and [iʏ] in previous studies are monophthongs.|
|Online Catalog Link: ||http://lib.cityu.edu.hk/record=b3947929|
|Appears in Collections:||CTL - Doctor of Philosophy |
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