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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2031/6510

Title: A corpus-based study of predicates in Chinese : a descriptive overview
Other Titles: Ji yu yu liao ku de Han yu wei yu de miao shu xing yan jiu
基於語料庫的漢語謂語的描述性研究
Authors: Chinn, Cheuk Kit ( 陳卓傑)
Department: Department of Chinese, Translation and Linguistics
Degree: Master of Philosophy
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: City University of Hong Kong
Subjects: Chinese language -- Verb phrase.
Notes: CityU Call Number: PL1235 .C7 2011
v, 84 leaves : ill. 30 cm.
Thesis (M.Phil.)--City University of Hong Kong, 2011.
Includes bibliographical references (leaves 61-65)
Type: thesis
Abstract: In traditional Chinese grammar, predicates are known to be versatile and different syntactic categories other than verb phrases can be stand-alone predicates, most notably adjective phrases and noun phrases. Such intuition-based observations can be revisited with empirical evidence from authentic texts to give a more objective and quantitative description. This corpus-based study examines all the possible constructions of predicates in Chinese based on the Penn Chinese Treebank, a corpus of 500,000 words of newswire articles. The results show that verbal predicates, adjectival predicates, nominal predicates and predicates of other types constitute about 86.9%, 10.9%, 1.8% and 0.4% of the predicates in written Chinese respectively, which are similar to the proportion of a previous study. The high coverage (with an average of nearly 99%) of the syntactic constructions suggests that the extracted grammar rules are promising to cover unseen data. The empirical data also reveal that some constructions of predicates that are being used productively are not described in traditional grammar, offering complementary information to the intuition-based approach.
Online Catalog Link: http://lib.cityu.edu.hk/record=b4086071
Appears in Collections:CTL - Master of Philosophy

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